Building a basement can be a difficult process. It’s crucial to thoroughly plan every step and make sure you consider every vital aspect, from construction and insulation to HVAC and waterproofing. It’s critical to build a basement correctly the first time because doing so can result in months of suffering and significant repair costs.
Although building a basement might not be inexpensive, it might end up being a truly worthwhile addition to your house. There are a few considerations you should make before beginning the project, whether you’re building a new home or thinking about adding a basement level to an existing one. You will find several homes in smart city Lahore with basement designs, but even then builders had to consider the following factors.
Building Permit Required
Although they are not always necessary, building permits can be obtained as a safety measure. Permits may occasionally be required for the building of a new basement.
A typical application, some supporting documents, and payment of a fee are all that are required to receive one. The building plans, which must be created by a qualified architect or engineer, are the most crucial document. A site plan, a zoning compliance declaration, and an occupancy certificate are additional requirements.
Safety is the fundamental justification for obtaining a permit. You may be confident that your basement will be secure and compliant with regulations by having a professional examine your designs and obtain a permit. There are further advantages as well. For instance, if you ever decide to sell your house, a building permit can make the process easier.
Waterproofing a basement can assist to safeguard the building’s foundation, keep the space clean and dry, and even enhance its aesthetics. A basement can be waterproofed using a variety of techniques, some of which are more efficient than others.
The most popular one is to cover the basement’s walls and floor with a waterproof membrane. This membrane is often made of plastic or rubber, and it is put by taping or adhering it to the wall.
Take Care of Seepage
In order to prevent seepage issues in your basement, the bricks you select are crucial.
The problem is typically caused by the use of “katchi” bricks in the basement building because they could absorb the water needed to install lintels (horizontal structural support). Homes constructed on previously agriculturally utilized land are more prone to face seepage issues.
You must build proper ventilation systems to stop this. In this scenario, it is advisable to have windows on either side to provide sunlight and fresh air into the basement. On the other hand, adding ducts can hasten the ventilation system. These are commonly utilized in finished basements.
Install Sewerage System
Nowadays, bathrooms are included in basements, making the area completely livable. For this reason, a second septic tank is set up on the basement level. The primary septic tank on the ground level is where a water pump transfers the wastewater from this tank.
This task must be precisely completed to maintain the position of the tank and sewerage pipes and prevent seepage. Additionally, a functional exhaust system ought to be included in every basement bathroom.
During construction, there are a few things you can do to make sure the water runs out and doesn’t harm your house.
The installation of a reliable drainage system is among the most crucial steps. One of these is a sump pump, which will aid in draining any water that collects in the basement. Additionally, make sure that your property’s grading slopes away from the basement. This will aid in preventing water from moving in the direction of the exit.
Additionally, if you have the necessary ceiling height, you can raise the bathroom area with a raised floor above the concrete slab. If your waste pipes are located along the foundation, a wastewater discharge pump is an ideal option.
A basement’s wiring should ideally be completed at the same time as the basement’s construction. An electrician should be consulted to ensure that the wiring is done correctly.
Ask the contractor you hire about their experience with basement wiring and if you are employing them to complete the work. Finding a contractor who is comfortable working in basements is crucial because some contractors are not. Basement wiring rules and local construction codes should also be known to the contractor.
If you want a basement, make sure you take care of the factors mentioned above to make an informed decision.